The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865. Seven Southern slave nations individually affirmed their withdrawal from the United States and established the Confederate states of America. They developed to include eleven states, and even though they claimed thirteen states and extra western regions, the Confederacy was never acknowledged by a foreign nation. The states that did not declare breakaway were known as the “Union” or the “North”. The war had its establishment in the irritable subject of servitude, particularly the extension of servitude into the western territories. After four years of bloody combat that left over 600,000 Union and Confederate fighters dead and demolished abundant of the South’s organization, the Confederacy warped, slavery was stopped, and the difficult rebuilding process of bringing back national unity and promising civil rights to the freed slaves began.
Conflicts began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate militaries fired upon Fort Sumter, a crucial fort held by Union troops in South Carolina. Lincoln called for each state to make available troops to recapture the fort; subsequently, four more slave federations fused with the Confederacy, bringing their aggregate to eleven. The Union quickly controlled the border federations and established a maritime barrier that crippled the southern economy. The Eastern Theater was indecisive in 1861–62. The autumn 1862 Confederate campaign into Maryland ended with Confederate withdrawal at the Battle of Antietam, deterring British involvement. Lincoln disseminated the Liberation Declaration, which made ending slavery a war goal. To the west, by summer 1862 the Union demolished the Confederate river navy, then much of their western soldiers, and the Union siege of Vicksburg divided the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River.
In 1863, Robert E. Lee’s Confederate intrusion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg. Western triumphs led to Ulysses S. Grant’s command of all Union armies in 1864. In the Western Theater, William T. Sherman drove east to seizure Atlanta and trooped to the sea, ending Confederate infrastructure beside the way. The Union organized the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, and could afford to fight battles of attrition through the Overland Campaign towards Richmond, the Confederate capital. The defending Confederate army failed, leading to Lee’s surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. All Confederate generals submitted by that summer.
The American Civil War was one of the initial real industrial wars which lasted from 1861 to 1865 with about 620,000 soldiers losing their lives, railroads, the telegraph, steamships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively used.
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